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    Schedule of fines The below indicated fine schedule is from date of issuance and includes Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays.  Postmarks are accepted.  Fine amounts are established by resolution listed.

     

    Click on the appropriate Code Section in the following table to link to the full City Code Section pertaining to that violation.  Use your browser's back button to return to the violation table

    Collection Service Fee for Court Collection Actions - $78 (Resolution # 77326 06/03/2008)

     

    Code Violation - Short Description Code Section Fine 1 - 10 Days Fine 11 - 90 Days Over 91 Days Resolution Setting Fine Amount

    9

    Meter Infraction Non-Central City 10.58 (2) $10 $20 $30 77326 06/03/2008 effective 07/01/2008
    10 Meter Infraction Central City 10.58 (1) $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    11 No Parking Zone 10.41 $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    12 Unauthorized Parking, Posted 10.45 (15) $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    13 Not in meter space 10.57 $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    15 Obstructing traffic lane 10.41 $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    16 Disabled Parking 10.63.1 $100 $200 $300 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    17 Too near intersection 10.45 (6) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    18 Blocking driveway 10.45 (2) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    19 Seasonal Parking  10.70 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    20 Not within parking lines 2.143 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    21 No parking posted hours 2.138 $20 $40 $60 75783 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    22 No parking , Off-street 2.138 $30 $60 $90 75783 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    24 Off Street Rule Violation 2.138 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    25 Substitute Coin 2.142 $20 $40 $60 75783 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    26 Reserved Parking Zone 2.144 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    27 Disabled Parking, Off-street 2.140 $100 $200 $300 75783 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    30 Double Parked 10.45 (12) $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    31 Over 1 ft from curb 10.44 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    32 Within Intersection 10.45 (3) $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    33 Angle Parked, Over 1 ft from curb 10.44 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    34 Impair traffic view within 30 ft of sign or signal 10.45 (7) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    35 Obstructing traffic - alongside roadway excavation or obstruction 10.45 (11) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    36 Non-emergency repairs in roadway 10.54 (2) $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    37 Safety Zone 10.45 (8) $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    40 Freeway Parking 10.46 $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    41 Disabled more than 3 hrs on Freeway 10.46 $15 $30 $45 77326 06/03/2008 effective 07/01/2008
    42 On Sidewalk 10.45 (1) $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    43 On Crosswalk 10.45 (5) $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    44 Unattended Vehicle 10.42 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    45 Brakes not set 10.43 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    46 Wheels not set 10.43 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    47 No Reflectors 10.53 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    48 Within 30 ft of Signal 10.45 (7) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    49 Within 20 ft of Rail Crossing 10.45 (9) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    50 Parked Over 48 Hours 10.54 (1) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    52 Left to Curb 10.44 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    53 Alley Parking 10.49 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    54 On Parkway 10.45 (1) $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    55 Within 3 ft of Driveway 10.45 (2) $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    56 Restricted Parking - not moved more than 50 ft within limited time 10.51 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    58 City Reserved Zone 10.55 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    60 Loading Zone 10.63 $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    61 Commercial - Blocking Traffic 10.47 $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    62 Commercial - Parked more than 2 hours 10.47 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    63 Commercial - Angle loading more than 1 hour 10.47 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    64 Unattached Trailer 10.48 $20 $40 $60 78382 06/16/2009 effective 07/01/2009
    70 Within 15 feet of Fire Hydrant 10.45 (4) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    71 Fire Station Zone 10.45 (10) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    72 Blocking Fire Escape or Emergency Exit 10.45 (14) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    73 In Front of Theatre 10.45 (13) $20 $40 $60 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    74 Snow Routes 10.40 $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007
    76 Temporary No Parking 10.52 $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007

    77

    No Parking Posted Hours - On Street 10.41 $30 $60 $90 75815 12/19/2006 effective 01/15/2007

     

     The following is an excerpt of the City of Grand Rapids Code pertaining to parking regulations. This page is intended to be used as a quick reference link from the Parking Violations Bureau Parking Violations Table. For a full listing of the City Code, click the link below:

    City of Grand Rapids Code

    "On Street" Regulations

    ARTICLE 4. PARKING REGULATIONS*

    __________

    *Cross references: Parking Violations Bureau, Ch. 16; automobile parking system, Ch. 30; parking facilities, Ch. 97; parking or storage of motor vehicles in a front yard within a residential district, Ch. 164; solid waste transporting units, parking restrictions, § 2.11; parking and loading spaces, § 5.51 et seq.

    State law references: Authority to regulate the standing or parking of vehicles, MCL 257.606(1)(a), MSA 9.2306(1)(a).

    __________

    Sec. 10.40. Snow Routes.

    Parking may be restricted because of the necessity to remove snow, along those streets where density of traffic, protection of life and property, construction and condition of the roadway, or any hazardous condition make it advisable. Such restriction shall be made by the City Manager or his or her designated representative and shall be indicated by appropriate traffic control signs. No person shall park a vehicle between the hours of 3:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m., on any street so restricted and marked; provided, this Section shall not apply from April 2 through October 31, inclusive, of any year.

    (Ord. No. 72-74, 10-10-72; Ord. No. 80-5, 1-15-80)

    Sec. 10.41. Parking Restrictions.

    No person shall park in a traffic lane or in any other location where because of the density of traffic, protection of life or property, construction, the condition of roadway, or because of any other hazard or condition, parking is limited, restricted or prohibited by order of the Proper Authority and such limitation, restriction or prohibition is indicated by paint of distinguishing color or by traffic control devices or signs.

    (Ord. No. 2000-16, § 1, 4-11-00)

    Cross references: Schedule of offenses and fines, § 1.615.

    Sec. 10.42. Key Removal.

    No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to be parked unattended without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the key, and taking such key with him or her.

    Sec. 10.43. Set Brakes; Parking on Hill.

    No motor vehicle shall be parked unattended unless the brakes are effectively set, and when parked on any grade in excess of five (5) percent such motor vehicle shall also be left in gear and the front of the front wheels turned toward the near curb.

    Sec. 10.44. Manner of Parking.

    No vehicle shall be parked except parallel to the line of the roadway and with the right sidewalls of its right-hand tires not more than twelve (12) inches from the curb or curbline, except on one-way roadways where parking is permitted on the left side of the roadway, in which case the same regulations shall apply to the left side of the vehicle; provided, that angle parking may be permitted in the space between the established roadway curb-line and sidewalk by the Proper Authority.

    Sec. 10.45. Prohibited Parking.

    No person shall park a vehicle except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with law or the direction of a police officer or traffic control device in any of the following places:

    (1) On the sidewalk or the space between the curb and sidewalk, whether paved or unpaved, unless such Section shall be part of the existing roadway;

    (2) In front of a public or private driveway or alley within three (3) feet of where the course of the curbline has been changed to start the driveway or alley approach;

    (3) Within an intersection;

    (4) Within fifteen (15) feet of a fire hydrant;

    (5) On a crosswalk;

    (6) Within twenty (20) feet of a crosswalk, or if none, then within fifteen (15) feet of the intersection, of the property lines at an intersection, unless otherwise designated by the Proper Authority;

    (7) Within thirty (30) feet of the approach to any flashing signal, stop sign, or traffic control signal located at the side of a roadway. If such parking interferes with the visibility of oncoming vehicle operators, parking is prohibited;

    (8) Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within thirty (30) feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless a different length is indicated by signs or markings;

    (9) Within twenty (20) feet of the nearest rail of railroad crossings;

    (10) Within twenty (20) feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station and on the side of the street opposite the entrance to any fire station within seventy-five (75) feet of said entrance when posted;

    (11) Alongside or opposite any roadway excavation or obstruction when stopping, standing or parking would obstruct traffic;

    (12) On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped or parked at the edge or curb of the roadway;

    (13) In front of any theatre;

    (14) In any place or in any manner so as to block or hamper the immediate use of any fire escape conspicuously marked as such and providing an emergency means of egress from any building;

    (15) On any private property in the City of Grand Rapids without the express or implied consent, authorization or ratification of the owner, holder, occupant, lessee, agent or trustee of such property. Complaint for violation of this Section shall be made by the owner, holder, occupant, lessee, agent or trustee of such property.

    (16) In a space clearly designated as a fire lane, or in a place or a manner that blocks access to a clearly designated fire lane.

    (Ord. No. 66024, 4-26-66; Ord. No. 67-47, 8-1-67; Ord. No. 72-81, 11-7-72; Ord. No. 77-15, 4-5-77; Ord. No. 78-4, 1-10-78; Ord. No. 78-68, 9-12-78; Ord. No. 79-7, 1-19-79; Ord. No. 79-8, 1-23-79; Ord. No. 79-17A, 4-3-79; Ord. No. 2001-43, § 1, 10-23-01; Ord. No. 2006-33, § 1, 6-6-06)

    Sec. 10.46. No Parking on Freeway.

    No person shall park, stand or stop a vehicle on the shoulder of any freeway except when such vehicle is disabled or involved in an accident, and then not for a period to exceed three (3) hours.

    Sec. 10.47. Commercial Vehicle, Restricted Parking.

    No commercial vehicle of more than one (1) ton capacity shall be parked for a longer period than two (2) hours, and no commercial vehicle shall be allowed to stand at an angle to the line of the roadway or alley while loading or unloading for a longer period than one (1) hour. Such angle parking where the free flow of traffic is interfered with, is prohibited, except by permission of the Proper Authority.

    Sec. 10.48. Trailers.

    No unattached trailer or semi-trailer shall be parked on a roadway at any time except when it is necessary to temporarily disconnect such trailer or semi-trailer for convenience in loading or unloading.

    Sec. 10.49. Alley Parking.

    No vehicle shall be parked in an alley except in those portions where parking is officially permitted as indicated by signs.

    Sec. 10.50. Abutting Owner's Rights.

    The operator of a vehicle which is parked shall move the same at any time at the request of the owner or occupant of the abutting property if the vehicle has been parked over three (3) hours, or if it is a commercial vehicle, after it has been parked over one (1) hour.

     

    Sec. 10.51. Continued Parking Same Area.

    Vehicles parked in a restricted parking area which shall be moved not more than fifty (50) feet immediately following the limited parking period shall be deemed to have remained stationary and in violation of this Chapter.

    Sec. 10.52. Temporary Rules.

    Where temporary parking or regulatory signs are placed because of emergency or special events such signs shall take precedence over any other parking or regulatory signs and shall be complied with, accordingly.

    Sec. 10.53. Night Lights.

    Vehicles which are parked during the hours of darkness shall have a red light, a red reflector, or reflex mirror at the left rear thereof, which shall be visible in the lights of a motor vehicle for a distance of not less than two hundred (200) feet.

    Sec. 10.54. No Parking Over Forty-Eight Hours; Vehicle Repairs.

    (1) Continuous parking of a vehicle on the roadway in one (1) place for a period of forty-eight (48) hours is hereby prohibited, and such vehicle may be impounded. All abandoned vehicles found on the street or highway or any other place, whether public or private, may be impounded. For purposes of this Section, a vehicle is deemed an abandoned vehicle when:

    (a) It has remained on a public street or highway or other place open to travel by the public for a period of forty-eight (48) hours or more without notification by the registered owner to the police agency of the reasons for leaving the vehicle in the public place;

    (b) It has remained on private property for a period of forty-eight (48) hours or more without the consent of the owner or lessee of the property, or for a period of forty-eight (48) hours or more after the consent has been revoked; or

    (c) It has remained in a garage for more than fifteen (15) days without a contract of service, storage or repair by the registered owner.

    (2) Performing of any maintenance or repairs on vehicles in the roadway, other than emergency repairs necessary to permit immediate removal or use of the vehicle, is hereby prohibited and such vehicle may be impounded.

    (Ord. No. 74-59, 7-23-74; Ord. No. 78-79, 10-17-78)

    Cross references: Disabled motor vehicles, § 9.126; unused motor vehicles, § 9.127.

     

    Sec. 10.55. City Employees Parking Lot.

    Where protection of life and property or any hazardous condition, or the need for special parking space for officials and employees of the City of Grand Rapids while engaged in the work of the City makes it advisable, parking on property belonging to the City may be limited, restricted or prohibited by order of the proper authority; such limitation, restriction or prohibition shall be indicated by paint of distinguishing color, or signs, or devices of uniform character indicating the distance, place and space, and it shall be unlawful for any person to park a vehicle in violation of such limitation, restriction or prohibition.

    Sec  10.56. Parking Meters.

    The City Commission is hereby empowered to install, regulate, control, and maintain parking meters and to enter into contracts for the purchase or installation of parking meters and parts and equipment for the maintenance of the same. The City Manager is hereby empowered to establish spaces and zones to be known as parking meter spaces and zones on any City street in the Central Business District of any other district established by the City Commission and to install parking meters therein as hereinafter provided.

    Sec. 10.57. Metered Spaces.

    Parking meters installed in the parking meter zones shall be placed upon the curb adjacent to each parking place. Each parking meter shall display by a signal that the parking space adjacent thereto is or is not legally in use. Each parking meter shall display, on deposit of a United States coin of the denomination mentioned on the meter, a signal indicating the period of time for parking in the space regulated by such meter. Upon the expiration of the time limit the parking meter shall indicate by a signalthat the lawful parking period has expired. Where no painted lines are provided to designate the length of the parking space, the front bumper of the vehicle shall be parked opposite the parking meter post, except where dual meters are installed, in which case the front or rear bumper shall be as nearly opposite the meter post as practicable.

    Cross references: Automobile parking system, Ch. 30.

    Sec. 10.58. Operation of Meters.

    Whenever a vehicle is parked in the space adjacent to a parking meter, the operator of the vehicle shall immediately deposit or cause to be deposited a coin of the United States in the parking meter of a denomination specified on the parking meter, and if such meter is of the so-called "manual" type, the person depositing the coin or coins shall also place the meter in operation by turning or pressing the lever, handle, crank, or other device provided on the meter. Then, the parking space may be lawfully occupied by the vehicle during the period of parking time indicated on the meter. If the operator fails to cause a coin or coins to be deposited, or if the vehicle is or remains parked there beyond the time limit indicated for the parking space on the meter adjacent to the vehicle, the vehicle shall be considered as being parked at an expired meter.

    For purposes of this Section, there shall be two (2) meter districts and the fine or penalty for an expired meter within each of these districts shall be separately established by the City Commission. The zones are:

    (1) Central City District which is bounded by:

    Leonard Street extended east to College and west to Seward Avenue as the boundary on the north; and

    Seward Avenue on west from Leonard Street to Fulton Street and then east on Fulton to Front Avenue, and south on Front Avenue to Wealthy Street to complete the western boundary; and

    Wealthy Street on the south as the southern boundary; and

    College Avenue on the east as the eastern boundary 

    The Central City District shall include both sides of the boundary streets and avenues as well as the entire area within the boundary streets and avenues described.

    (2) Non-Central City District which is the remainder of the City outside the Central City District.

    (Ord. No. 2000-16, § 2, 4-11-00; Ord. No. 2007-05, § 1, 1-9-07)

    Sec. 10.59. Offenses.

    No person shall:

    (a) Deposit or cause to be deposited in a parking meter a coin for the purpose of increasing or extending the parking time of any vehicle beyond the legal parking time which has been established for the parking space adjacent to such parking meter.

    (b) Deposit or cause to be deposited in any parking meter any slug, device or other substitute for a United States coin.

    (c) Remove, deface, injure, tamper with, open or willfully break, destroy or impair the usefulness of any parking meter.

    Cross references: Use of substitute coins, tampering with meters, § 2.142; enforcement and fines, § 2.145; schedule of off-street parking violations, § 2.146.

    Sec. 10.60. Collections.

    It shall be the duty of the City Manager to designate some City employee or employees to make regular collections of the money deposited in said meters. It shall be the duty of such person or persons to deliver such collections to the City Treasurer.

    Sec. 10.61. Holidays.

    Parking meters shall be in operation each day except Sundays, and the following holidays: New Year's Day, Decoration Day, July 4th, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.

    Sec. 10.62. Revenue Bond Ordinances.

    The provisions of this Article relative to parking meters shall be subject to the provisions of any ordinance of this City by which revenues derived from the parking meters of the City shall be pledged as security for the payment of bonds issued pursuant to said ordinance and the provisions of Act 94 of the Public Acts of Michigan of 1933, or of any other statute.

    Sec. 10.63. Loading Zones.

    The proper Authority is authorized to continue to establish and maintain loading zones and to omit parking devices from such loading zones, if it should find it advisable and necessary from the standpoint of traffic safety conditions, and for the conduct of business and use of property by the abutting property owner or his or her lessees or assigns. Provided, no vehicle may remain in a loading zone without the occurrence of observable loading or unloading for a period of more than twenty (20) minutes.

    At locations zoned for industrial and commercial uses where parking upon the street is prohibited, an abutting owner may be authorized by the proper authority to establish a loading zone in the area between the sidewalk and the street, provided the following conditions exist and continue to exist during the duration of the loading zone:

    (1) Loading and unloading vehicles will not overhang the sidewalk or paved portions of the roadway;

    (2) The sign designating the area of the parkway a loading zone is appropriately placed at the cost of the abutting property owner;

    (3) The location of the loading zone will not interfere with the clear vision of other vehicles which may be entering the roadway; 

    (4) The loading zone so designated is used in the actual loading and unloading of vehicles, and not for parking or other purposes;

    (5) That the entire loading zone be placed in the parkway of its abutting user;

    (6) That no such loading zone be placed upon any property having off-street parking which could be utilized for loading and unloading;

    (7) That a hard surface area be clearly set aside and the entire area maintained free of ruts and debris.

    (Ord. No. 78-63, 8-15-78; Ord. No. 2007-05, § 2, 1-9-07)

    Cross references: Parking and loading spaces, § 5.51 et seq.

    Sec. 10.63.1. Handicapped Parking.

    The City Manager is authorized to designate certain parking areas within the paved portion of the streets of the City adjacent to public buildings as "handicapped parking" and to install at such locations designated signs indicating "handicapped parking." Any person in control of private property, whether normally restricted to certain persons or offered freely to the public, may designate parking spaces "handicapped parking." No vehicle shall be parked in any parking space designated "handicapped parking"unless the same be used by a handicapped person and be identified as authorized for handicapped parking privilege by the State of Michigan.

    (Ord. No. 78-31, 5-9-78; Ord. No. 94-33, § 1, 8-9-94; Ord. No. 2006-33, § 2, 6-6-06)

    Cross references: Parking for handicappers, § 2.140.

    Sec. 10.64. Parking Violations.

    A vehicle parked in violation of this Chapter is hereby declared to be a nuisance which may be abated by any acting or permanent Police Officer, Police Cadet, C.L.I.P. (College Level Intern Paraprofessional), Fire Lieutenant, Fire Captain, Traffic Technician, Streets and Sanitation Supervisor or Streets and Sanitation Crew Leader, or by any other authorized City employee in either of the following ways:

    (1) By placing a parking violation tag on said vehicle which shall plainly state the nature of the violation, and

    (2) By placing a parking violation tag on such vehicle as in the preceding paragraph, and by removing or causing said vehicle to be removed to the vehicle pound.

    Whenever a parking violation tag is placed on a vehicle, a copy of such tag shall be transmitted to the Parking Violations Bureau where a file record shall be made and kept of said violation.

    The owner or operator of any vehicle upon which a parking violation tag has been placed and which has been removed to the vehicle pound may have said vehicle released by paying all violation charges at the Parking Violations Bureau or Grand Rapids Police Department which are due against said vehicle and paying all costs of impoundment to the towing contractor of the City of Grand Rapids. Any lienholder may claim an impounded vehicle by entering into an indemnity agreement with the City of Grand Rapids to save harmless the City from any and all liability the City may incur at the hands of the registered owner for releasing said vehicle to said lienholder, and upon all charges due against said vehicle. The aforementioned charges shall include, but not be limited to, all parking violation penalties presently outstanding against the vehicle, and all levies and costs of towing and storage and other impoundment expenses. All costs of impoundment shall be paid to the towing contractor of the City of Grand Rapids.

    Whenever a parking violation tag has been placed on a vehicle and where the necessary steps have been taken to have said vehicle removed but is released to the owner or operator thereof prior to such actual removal, the owner or operator thereof shall pay to the towing contractor of the City all costs and expenses by reason of the institution of those steps necessary for removal of the vehicle. The towing contractor of the City may release the vehicle without removal as above mentioned by accepting paymentof all costs and expenses to which he or she would be entitled for removal of the vehicle. The violation fine shall be paid to the Parking Violations Bureau.

    Whenever any person authorized by this Code to enforce this Article shall determine that a vehicle parking in violation of this Chapter shall be ticketed with a parking violation tag and removed to the vehicle pound, as provided, it shall thereafter be unlawful for any person to drive or otherwise remove said vehicle from the scene of the violation in disobedience of a direct verbal order given by such authorized person that the vehicle not be moved. A vehicle which has been impounded shall not be removed from the vehicle pound except as authorized by the Grand Rapids Police Department.

    Subject to the provisions of Section 10.66, parking violation penalties shall be paid within ten (10) days after the date of the violation. If not paid within said ten-day period, the penalty for such violation shall be increased as provided in Section 1.615 hereof.

    (Ord. No. 69-64, 7-29-69; Ord. No. 70-34, 6-2-70; Ord. No. 77-67, 11-29-77; Ord. No. 81-59, 7-14-81; Ord. No. 2001-43, § 2, 10-23-01)

    Cross references: Parking Violations Bureau, Ch. 16; enforcement of Chapter 30, automobile parking system, § 2.145.

    Sec. 10.64.1. Impoundment of Vehicles for Failure to Pay Civil Infractions or Parking Violation Notices Issued Under This Chapter.

    If a vehicle is unattended and the registered owner of the vehicle has six (6) or more unpaid and outstanding civil infraction violations or parking violation notices, in any combination, all of which have been issued for a violation of a Chapter 181 provision, any Police Officer, Police Cadet, C.L.I.P., or other authorized City employee may cause that vehicle to be immediately impounded. There shall be no impoundment under this Section from any private property.

    (Ord. No. 83-67, § 1, 11-8-83)

    Sec. 10.64.2. Immobilization of Vehicles for Failure to Pay Civil Infractions or Parking Violation Notices Issued Under This Chapter.

    If a vehicle is unattended and the registered owner of the vehicle has six (6) or more unpaid and outstanding civil infraction citations or parking violation notices, in any combination, all of which have been issued for a violation of a Chapter 181 provision, any Police Officer, Police Cadet, C.L.I.P., or other authorized City employee may, in lieu of impoundment of the vehicle as otherwise provided, attach or cause to be attached to said vehicle an immobilizing device which will prevent the vehicle from being moved or driven.

    If an immobilization device is attached, there shall also be attached securely to the vehicle a notice which states:

    "CAUTION! THIS VEHICLE HAS BEEN MADE IMMOBILE BY A WHEEL-LOCKING DEVICE. SERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE VEHICLE WILL RESULT IF YOU ATTEMPT TO MOVE THE VEHICLE. RELEASE CAN BE OBTAINED BY:

    "(1) Paying the outstanding Civil Infraction, Citations or Parking Violation Notices, together with the fee established to cover the costs of attachment and removal of the locking device, or

    "(2) Posting a bond to cover the above costs and requesting a hearing.

    "PAYMENT MUST BE MADE TO EITHER THE CITY TREASURER DURING REGULAR BUSINESS HOURS OR ON WEEKENDS, EVENINGS OR HOLIDAYS TO THE GRAND RAPIDS POLICE DEPARTMENT. ARRANGEMENTS MUST BE MADE WITHIN SEVENTY-TWO (72) HOURS AFTER INSTALLATION OF THE DEVICE OR THE VEHICLE WILL BE REMOVED BY IMPOUNDMENT AS A NUISANCE PURSUANT TO SECTION 10.64 OF CHAPTER 181 OF THE MUNICIPAL CODE."

    (Ord. No. 83-67, § 1, 11-8-83)

    Sec. 10.64.3. Release of Vehicle Impounded or Immobilized Under This Article.

    The owner or operator of any vehicle which has been impounded or immobilized under Section 10.64.1 or 10.64.2 may obtain release of the vehicle by either of the following:

    (a) By paying the total amount due on all outstanding Civil Infraction Citations and/or Parking Violation Notices and by paying the fees then being charged for towing and storage of the vehicle and the fee charged for the attachment and removal of the immobilization device; or

    (b) By the posting of a bond to cover all of the costs assessed against the vehicle in (a) above and requesting a hearing.

    All payments under this Section shall be made to the Grand Rapids City Treasurer during regular business hours or to the Grand Rapids Police Department during evenings, holidays and weekends.

    (Ord. No. 83-67, § 1, 11-8-83)

    Sec. 10.64.4. Hearings and Bond Maximum.

    The registered owner of a vehicle shall have the rights afforded by State Law to contest the Civil Infraction Citations or Parking Violation Notices through either an informal hearing before a District Court Magistrate or a formal hearing before a District Court Judge. Any bond required for release of a vehicle pursuant to Section 10.64.3 shall not exceed the sum of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00).

    (Ord. No. 83-67, § 1, 11-8-83)

    Sec. 10.64.5. Unauthorized Removal of Vehicle.

    Whenever any person authorized by this Code to enforce Chapter 181 shall issue or have issued an order to impound or immobilize a vehicle as provided herein, it shall thereafter be unlawful for any person to drive or otherwise remove said vehicle if he or she has knowledge of its impending impoundment or immobilization. A vehicle which has been impounded or immobilized shall not be removed except as authorized by the Grand Rapids Police Department or Grand Rapids City Treasurer. Violation of this Section shall constitute a misdemeanor.

    (Ord. No. 83-67, § 1, 11-8-83)

    Sec. 10.65. Violation Continues.

    When a traffic violation ticket is placed upon any vehicle, additional tickets may be placed thereon for each overtime parking violation, or fraction thereof, that said vehicle remains in such parking space; each separate overtime parking period, or fraction thereof, shall constitute a separate and distinct violation.

    Sec. 10.66. Illegally Parked Car, Presumption of Ownership.

    In all cases of parking violations, either the registered owner or the operator of such vehicle may be proceeded against by complaint and warrant in 61st District Court which shall be in addition to the right of impounding heretofore given, and in any such proceeding proof by verifying ownership of the vehicle with the Secretary of State that the defendant named in the complaint was at the time of the parking the registered owner of the vehicle, shall be accepted by the court as establishing probable causefor the issuance of a warrant for the arrest of the registered owner, and creates in evidence a presumption that the registered owner of the vehicle was the person who parked or placed the vehicle at the point where, and for the time during which, the violation occurred.

    (Ord. No. 73-39, 6-5-73; Ord. No. 74-52, 7-2-74)

    Sec. 10.67. Release of Impounded Vehicle by Police Department.

    Any owner or operator of an impounded vehicle who shall have denied committing the offense shall have the vehicle returned by requesting the vehicle at the Grand Rapids Police Department and posting bond or security sufficient to pay such towing and impound charges should the offense be found to have been committed. Such bond or security shall be returned should the offense be found to have not been committed.

    (Ord. No. 77-67, 11-29-77)

    Sec. 10.68. Parking Violations Are Civil Infractions.

    Any parking violation listed in Chapter 30 or Chapter 181 of the Code of the City of Grand Rapids shall be a civil infraction, unless otherwise indicated.

    (Ord. No. 81-59, 7-14-81)

    Sec. 10.69. Authority to Issue Civil Infraction Citations.

    (1) A civil infraction citation for any parking violation set forth in Chapter 30 or Chapter 181 of the Code of the City of Grand Rapids may be issued by any Police Officer, Police Recruit, Police Cadet, Police Intern, or other authorized City employee.

    (2) The City Manager is empowered to authorize and utilize trained persons other than City employees to issue parking violation notices and civil infraction citations for parking violations on public or private property as authorized by the Michigan Vehicle Code or by the Code of the City of Grand Rapids.

    (Ord. No. 81-59, 7-14-81; Ord. No. 2006-33, § 3, 6-6-06)

    Sec. 10.70. Seasonal Parking.

    From 12:01 a.m. on November 1 of each year until 11:59 p.m. on April 1 of the following year, the parking restrictions as set out in this Section shall be in effect.

    On each even numbered day, starting at 1:00 a.m. and until 6:00 p.m. on the same even numbered day, parking is prohibited on the odd numbered side of the street.

    On each odd numbered day, starting at 1:00 a.m. and until 6:00 p.m. on the same odd numbered day, parking is prohibited on the even numbered side of the street.

    It is the intent of this Section that starting at 6:00 p.m. on each day and until the parking restrictions provided herein go into effect at 1:00 a.m. of the following day, parking is permitted on both sides of the streets to which this Section applies. Necessary temporary or emergency restrictions indicated by official signs or other forms of official notice may further restrict parking during these hours.

    This section applies to every portion of every block of every city street that is posted with signs making this section applicable.

    (Ord. No. 2001-43, § 3, 10-23-01; Ord. No. 2002-47, § 1, 8-6-02)

    "Off Street" Regulations

    Sec. 2.137. Public Parking Facility, Definition.

    "Public Parking Facility" is defined as any vehicle parking lot, structure or facility which is owned and/or operated by the City of Grand Rapids for the parking of vehicles. All such structures shall be designated as public parking facilities at each vehicular entrance.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81)

    Sec. 2.138. Compliance with Regulations.

    The use of parking spaces in any public parking facility may be regulated by markings or signs painted or displayed at the entrances, in the interior, or at the exit of each public parking facility for the purpose of regulating the type or size of vehicle which may be lawfully parked within spaces so identified or the time during which a vehicle may not be lawfully parked within an off-street parking station. It shall be unlawful for any person to cause, allow, permit or suffer any vehicle owned or operatedby him or her to be parked in or upon any part of a public parking facility, as herein defined, without complying with the regulations relating to the use of that facility. All persons shall obey the parking instructions of any person uniformed, badged, or otherwise identified as a municipal parking facility employee.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81)

    Sec. 2.139. Access Control Devices.

    When it is deemed appropriate for operating efficiency, patrons of public parking facilities may be assigned and granted a temporary possession of a control card or other access control device. Any person to whom an access control device is assigned may employ the device to gain access to a public parking facility only if he or she is an occupant of the entering vehicle, and further provided that no person shall permit more than one vehicle, admitted by the same access control device, to be parked in a public parking facility at the same time.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81)

    Sec. 2.140. Parking for Handicappers.

    Signs or markings shall be placed or painted upon the floor or wall surfaces of public parking facilities for the purpose of reserving the parking spaces so designated for use by handicappers possessing a valid permit from the State of Michigan. No person owning or operating a motor vehicle shall park or permit the same to be parked within a space so designated for handicappers without possessing and displaying a valid permit. For purposes of this Section, a valid permit shall include handicapper vehicle registration plates.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81)

    Cross references: Handicapped parking, § 10.63.1.

    Sec. 2.141. Pay and Display.

    When it is deemed appropriate for operating efficiency, public parking facilities shall be controlled by a coin-activated device which will issue a receipt showing the date and time during which a motor vehicle shall be lawfully parked. Whenever a vehicle is parked within a public parking facility controlled by such a device, the owner or operator thereof shall immediately purchase a receipt by depositing or causing to be deposited a coin or coins of the United States in the required amount and display saidreceipt in the front windshield of the motor vehicle so parked. The operator must purchase an additional receipt where extended time is desired. Where such a coin operated device controls a public parking facility, signs indicating that fact shall be prominently displayed and instructions for use of that facility shall be readily available.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81)

    Sec. 2.142. Use of Substitute Coins; Tampering with Meters.

    It shall be unlawful for any person to deposit or cause to be deposited in any parking meter or other coin-activated device in or upon any public parking facility any slug, device or substitute for any coin required for the operation thereof.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81)

    Cross references: Similar provisions, § 10.59.

    Sec. 2.143. Method of Parking.

    Lines or markings shall be painted or placed upon the floor or wall of surfaces of each public parking facility for the purpose of designating lawful parking spaces. Each vehicle parked within public parking facilities shall be parked within the immediately adjacent lines or markings so established.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81)

    Sec. 2.144. Reserved Parking.

    The use of public parking facilities may be reserved for monthly renters, City officials, City employees, or City vehicles. No person shall park a vehicle within a parking space, section of parking spaces or parking facility which is designated as reserved, except in compliance with posted reservation.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81)

    Sec. 2.145. Enforcement and Fines.

    The provisions of this Chapter may be enforced by any Police Officer, Police Cadet, C.L.I.P. (College Level Intern Paraprofessional), or authorized City employee. The fines for violation of any regulation regarding public parking facilities shall be as defined in Section 2.146. The penalty identified in Section 2.146 shall be applicable for all payments which are received or postmarked within ten (10) days from the date of the violation notice. After ten (10) days, the penalty shall be increased to an amount which is twice the initial value. If the penalty has not been paid within ninety (90) days from the date of violation notice, the total amount of the penalty shall increase to an amount three (3) times the original penalty. Any violation of this Chapter shall be disposed of by means set forth in Chapter 181 of this Code.

    (Ord. No. 81-35, 6-9-81; Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81; Ord. No. 93-36, § 2, 8-24-93)

    Cross references: Parking violations, enforcement, § 10.64.

    Sec. 2.146. Fines.

    Fines for parking violations issued under this Code shall be established from time to time by resolution of the City Commission. Fines not paid within ten (10) days from the date of the violation notice will double. If the fine is not paid within ninety (90) days, the fine will triple.

    (Ord. No. 81-58, 7-14-81; Ord. No. 93-36, § 3, 8-24-93; Ord. No. 2000-18, § 1, 4-11-00; Ord. No. 2007-02, § 1, 1-1-07)

    Sec. 2.147. Ninety-Minute Free Parking Program.

    (1) To encourage shopping downtown, a Ninety (90) Minute Free Parking Program is hereby established at the City Centre ramp, the Lyon/Ionia ramp, the Monroe Center #1 lot, and the Monroe Center #2 lot. Each vehicle entering any of those four facilities shall be entitled to a maximum of ninety (90) minutes of free parking, upon the terms and conditions stated in this section.

    (2) Free parking shall be provided at the foregoing four (4) facilities subject to the following limitations:

    (a) The program shall be available only to vehicles entering a facility no earlier than 9:00 a.m. each day;

    (b) Each vehicle shall be entitled to one period of a maximum of 90 minutes of free parking system-wide for an a.m. entry and another period of a maximum of 90 minutes of free parking system-wide for a p.m. entry;

    (c) Any vehicle granted free parking in the a.m. shall not re-enter any of the four (4) listed facilities that same a.m., and any vehicle which has been granted free parking for a period commencing in the p.m. shall not re-enter any of the four (4) listed facilities that same day.

    (3) Notwithstanding sections 2.145 and 2.146, any vehicle violating the prohibitions on re-entry contained in 2(c) above shall be in violation of this section of the City Code and the person responsible for such violation, or if that is disputed or cannot otherwise be determined, the registered owner of the vehicle violating the prohibition, shall be subject to a fine equal to that imposed for a meter infraction under Chapter 16 of the City Code. In lieu of such fine, the driver exiting the facility at the conclusion of the stay which began with the prohibited re-entry, may pay the cash charge for such stay.

    (Ord. No. 93-46, § 1, 10-26-93)

    Secs. 2.148--2.160. Reserved.